Firefighting Term Paper

The alarm sounds. You now have about five minutes to get yourself ready and aware for what your about to be facing. During those five precious minutes, someone's house is a blaze with fire. It is your duty to put that fire out, preserve as much as possible, and protect life. Do you think you could handle so much responsibility, pressure, and risk? I know I could. It is a dream of mine to become a firefighter in all sense of the word. I enjoy the thought of risk taking and even helping people, which is why I think that this profession would be just right for me. Ever since I was about 11 years old, and my house had caught fire, had I wanted to be a firefighter. Just watching all of those skilled firefighters mesmerized me. They had such precision and knew exactly what to do in what seemed every situation that would be thrown at them. I feel as though this is their personality and traits added to this accuracy at being so good at what they do. I also have quick reflexes, good stamina, and I tend to think of myself as a fast and logical thinking, just as they all were. I chose this career not only for my liking to it, but also because of the growth in the profession. Firefighting is a field that has potential for growth in the coming years, the education, requirements, and dedication are all equally important to this extremely dangerous, yet exciting job.

Firefighting is one of the most dangerous jobs out in the occupation world today. Summed up as a whole, firefighters are trained to fight fires, rescue people in need and provide medical services for humans and animals. There are many steps needed to prepare to be a firefighter. Your characteristics and personality play a big role in choosing this career. Being outgoing and a people person will help out dramatically. Firefighters live in the station when on call or duty. The setting in the stations is very "dorm Ð'- like" (Pitts Interview 9/20/05). It is described as a college life setting, living with many other people. You have to be willing to get along with others through communication and compromise. Also, firefighters have to prepare themselves to be in top physical shape. Sometimes, physical strength of firefighters is described as "top notch" because they have to be able to run and lift heavy materials, while at the same time carrying equipment with a large quantity of weight. Another step needed to get ready to be a firefighter is having a good background in schooling.

To be a basic firefighter there are a few tests you need to pass. To start off, you need to be at least 18 years of age. Also, you need to have 30/20 vision and this will be determined by taking an eye vision-screening test (Fire Protection and Safety Technology par. 3). Having a high school diploma is a must. Passing a medical, physical, and written test is mandatory. The last test you need to pass to become a basic firefighter is a background test. If you have no criminal history, you will inevitably pass this test with flying colors. The difference between a basic firefighter and a regular firefighter is; a basic firefighter is not actually allowed to put out any fires. He or she is able to train to be one, but can have no partake in putting out fires or assisting in any medical care or attention. To actually fight fires and be what people actually think of when they hear the word "firefighter", there are a few more steps needed to help you prepare for this. You need to go to college and get a bachelor's degree and finish out school with thirty or more college credits. If you feel as though college is not the life for you, opting to join the military for two service years can also qualify you. This means though, that you need to completely serve out two full year terms in the military without dropping out. After applying for a job and getting hired by a station, young firefighters usually go and work/train at an academy for the first few weeks of their new job. At that academy, they learn to fight fires properly and also what to do in times when people or animals need medical attention (Fire Protection and Safety Technology par. 11).

There are a lot of things that you can do to help yourself out in finding a career in the firefighting field. There are many independent study courses and classes that you can take to help you better qualify for the job. Some of these classes are known as EMI's. In these classes you learn more about CPR, and medical services. You can also qualify and study to have and get your Medical Technician Certificate (Bingham 26 -27). Having these types of certificates is a big plus on a resume. Also, by taking a class in architecture your chances of finding a job greatly increase. Because so many fires happen in buildings, knowing the structure and how they are build can save a firefighters life. The chances of a building collapsing when it is on fire greatly rise. These collapses could lead to many injuries or even death for the firefighter. The last extracurricular classes that could help you out in finding a better job, or beating people out of the job are: chemistry courses. When fires erupt, chemicals usually fly into the air. In most cases, these chemicals are deadly or harmful to ones health. The firefighter's knowledge of knowing these chemicals will help them preserve their life. Being a volunteer firefighter, sometimes known as an EMT, can also boost your chances of finding a better job than those who did not volunteer at any firehouses. This looks very good on a resume as well, and helps you later win and land paying jobs.

After much deliberation and consideration, I chose the college, Kean University to look into for studying to be a firefighter. Kean University is located in New Jersey. The population of the campus is 13,000, which I feel is just right for me (Kean par.1). I chose this school not based on the population of the school, but on the program it had to offer for firefighting. Kean has one of the best firefighting programs in the whole country (Kean par. 2). Some other pluses it has to offer are: it is only thirty minutes away from New York City. This plays a very important role because it has a lot of great access to very good firehouses. New York City also has the most well known fire department in all of the United States (USFA par. 6). At Kean University they make sure you are prepared in your field before letting you off into the real world to find a job.

In training to be a firefighter, you learn many different but helpful facts. Mattress and bedding fires are the second most common type of fire out there. These types of fires then lead to houses fires. House fires are just one of the many types of fires they have to put out. Other common problems that firefighters have to deal with are: airplane crashes, assisting in childbirth, dealing with bomb threats, having


Fire Safety Journal is the leading publication dealing with all aspects of fire safety engineering. Its scope is purposefully wide, as it is deemed important to encourage papers from all sources within this multidisciplinary subject, thus providing a forum for its further development as a distinct engineering discipline. This is an essential step towards gaining a status equal to that enjoyed by the other engineering disciplines.

It is impossible to give a comprehensive list of topics which are considered acceptable and the following list is intended for guidance only:

• Fire chemistry and physics
Fire dynamics (including gas explosions)
• Active fire protection systems, including detection and suppression
• Passive fire protection methods
• People/fire interactions (physical, physiological and psychological)
Fire safety management
• Assessment and quantification of fire risk (including acceptability of risk)
• Fire investigation
• Fire safety design (including consumer items, industrial plant, transportation, buildings)
• Fire safety legislation
• Fire safety education.

Original contributions relating to any of the above topics are invited, particularly if they incorporate a quantitative approach to the subject in question.

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